Road construction is perhaps one of the man’s earliest forms of construction. Roads are defined as routes or paths that begin at one destination and lead to another. The modern day road is defined as a paved or easily accessible path, made so by the use of modern day road construction equipment.
To win in the highly competitive world of construction, you need to maximize the productivity of every employee and every machine on every job. You can’t afford expensive downtime. Reducing operating costs while increasing efficiency is critical to maintain your competitive edge.
Types of Equipment used for road construction vary depending on whether the road project involves the construction of a new road, road re carpeting or just minor road repairs. The following are some of the commonly used road construction equipment:
Depending on the size of the project various excavators take care of all the work on the job site. Huge excavators are used for highway and flyover projects while the smaller road construction jobs can manage with backhoe loaders and mini excavators to do the job. Excavators are useful for digging up the land, breaking asphalt, leveling the area, moving the dug debris from one place to another and taking care of certain lifting jobs to. Excavators on a general note are a must have for all sorts of road construction jobs.
These machines are typically used in construction and maintenance of dirt and gravel roads. When constructing saved roads the graders are used to create an even flat surface to lay the asphalt on. They are also used to set native soil foundation pads to finish grades prior to construction. These days various types and sizes of motor graders are available and used for various road construction jobs.
The road roller is basically a compactor use dot compact soil, gravel, and asphalt during construction of roads. For larger highways, four wheel compactors with a pad foot drum and a blade are likely to be used while the regional roads may see the use of a single Padfoot drum machine. Road rollers are also used for compacting the land before the asphalt can be laid after the graders have done their work. The rollers are used to press the asphalt in place and bind the various layers of the road together.
Asphalt mixing plants:
These can vary in size depending on the size of the road construction job in question. These machines are used to manufacture road stone like asphalt, cement and other coated road stones used to make the top layer of the roads both regional and national. The plant is used to create a mixture of cement, stone, soil, minerals, fills etc as per the requirements of the road. Additionally, the plant helps keep the mixture hot for use.
Also known as Fork Truck or Lift Truck, a Forklift is a powered industrial vehicle with an attached prolonged platform that can be lowered to pick an object on or below the ground level and raised to move the object. It was initially used for moving objects in factories but the design has been modified over the years to increase its utility.
A Wheel Loader also referred to as Front Loader, Skip Loader or Bucket Loader, is a type of tractor used to move a pile of material from the ground and load it onto a dump truck or into an open pit. It consists of front mounted square wide bucket joined to the end of two arms used to scoop up materials from the ground without spreading it out.
These are just some of the basic equipment used for road construction which will play a vital role in turning the India 2020 dream into a reality.